Jester s- Not the Fools You May Think

A jester or fool was a type of entertainer and archetype in Medieval Europe, similar to a modern clown or comedian. With their colorful, eccentric outfits and repertoire of juggling, acrobatics and wit, jesters were a favorite of commoners and noblemen alike. Jesters were commonly travelling minstrels and acrobats, performing at village fairs and festivals. Those who were especially lucky or talented would be hired as court jesters, becoming a regular fixture of a noble or royal court. They would perform tricks, sing fables and satirize daily court life in front of the upper class.

Court jesters were granted special privileges, and were allowed to speak in a way that other commoners were forbidden to. With this license to offend, court jesters served as a “voice of the people” in a culture with rigid social barriers. A court jester could openly mock and satirize their social betters without consequence, and were often favored by their lords as trusted advisors who could always speak their minds. Queen Elizabeth I is recorded as having scolding her court jester for not being harsh enough on her.

A successful jester had to be skilled in both physical acts and possess a quick wit and knack for singing and storytelling. Jester performances were usually a mix of juggling, acrobatics and magic combined with fables, songs, jokes and political commentaries. There was no fixed costume for a jester, but costume usually involved loud, motley colours, bells and baubles and a hood with trihorns or donkey ears. Jesters are often portrayed as carrying a hobby horse or mock sceptre, as a parody of the knightly aristocracy.

While court jesters were generally beloved by nobles and commoners alike, their favored status and constant barrage of insults sometimes wore thin on some nobles. Many of the notable royal jesters ended their careers after developing massive egos and offending the wrong people. Archibald Armstrong, court jester to the Stuarts, was finally exiled from court after repeatedly mocking the Archbishop of Canterbury for being short. Sir Jeffery Hudson, a jester and dwarf who charmed his way into the English and French court, was exiled after killing a nobleman who refused to take Hudson’s military status seriously. Hudson challenged the nobleman to a duel over the perceived insult, and the nobleman, still refusing to take Hudson seriously, brought a water pistol to the duel. Hudson however, used a real pistol.

While fools and jesters were a real profession, their cultural status is generally attributed to their common appearance in the works of Shakespeare. Only some of them are court jesters, but Shakespearean fools appear in 25 of Shakespeare’s plays. They served as comic relief and a satirical voice that a common audience could relate to. As noted by critics and historians, the irony of the fool was that he was the most perceptive character. As Isaac Asimov said ‘That, of course, is the great secret of the successful fool – that he is no fool at all”. The legacy of fools and jesters can also be seen in playing cards; the Fool card in tarot decks and the Joker card in standard card decks.

Court jesters fell out of fashion with the decline of feudalism in Europe, although jesters remained popular in theatre and carnival culture. The modern successor of the jester is arguably the clown, colourful entertainers who perform similar feats of agility and silliness. While society has obviously changed since the days of knights and castles, the people’s love for ridiculous comedy theatre and performance.

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The Seven Major Benefits of PVC Cladding

 

Low Maintenance

 

Duratuff-Close-up-300x256With PVC cladding, you’ll never have to worry about repairing or repainting your weatherboards again. Unlike other materials, PVC cladding has been proven to be perfectly suited for Australian conditions, where weather conditions can go from one extreme to the other in a single day. Wood can warp, crack, dislocate, peel or collapse in certain weather, but PVC cladding can survive the Australian summer, torrential storms and bitterly cold nights while retaining its shape and condition.

As well as being durable without being brittle, PVC cladding does not fade in colour the way other materials do. Instead of a layer of paint coating the outside, the manufacturing process means that the colour remains consistent throughout the PVC. This also means that there are none of the colour inconsistences that can occur with external painting.

 

Versatility

 

The modular nature of PVC cladding means more versatility and a larger number of weatherboard projects that can be completed. PVC cladding can be applied both vertically and horizontally, and have a minimum of joins. The unique Windlock 180 system results in a more secure application and a tighter fit. Due to their flexible utility, PVC cladding can be used in domestic homes, offices, showrooms, swimming pools, hospitality, entertainment centres, trade workshops and many other places. The simple application and adjustment of PVC cladding also make them ideal for DIY home improvement projects.

 

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Better Insulation

 

Our PVC cladding comes with CFC free foam insulation built right into the cladding, reducing the cost of both materials and labour. This potentially means that you no longer have to bother with the hassle of installing internal insulation inside the walls. PVC cladding insulation will cool your house in the summer and warm it in the winter, resulting in a more comfortable temperature and a lower air conditioning bill.

 

Long Lasting

 

PVC cladding is warrantied for up to 50 years, decades more than other conventional weatherboard materials. This covers all sorts of extreme weather conditions, and has been tested to withstand winds up to 288 km/h. As mentioned above, little to no maintenance is required during its 50-year lifespan and will retain its colour and shape. PVC cladding is also resistant to crush and impact situations A rolled over nailing hem adds strength and stability, and smoothes out wall irregularities. So the odd bump or collision won’t crack, split or damage the tough vinyl surface.

 

Variety / Aesthetics

 

There are 200 color and texture combinations available for our PVC weatherboards, with a wide variety of aesthetically pleasing tones and shades. PVC cladding of decades past had a reputation for looking cheap and artificial, but modern vinyl cladding uses a low-gloss, wood grain finish that makes it indistinguishable from painted wood cladding. And unlike wood cladding, the tone and vibrance of the colour won’t fade over time.

 

Environmentally Friendly

 

Research indicates that external wall cladding is the most important variable element in the environmental impact of a residential construction. The sourcing of the materials used and their manufacture, the lifespan of the cladding and its potential to be recycled all determine how environmentally friendly a cladding material is. PVC cladding has been proven to a lower environmental impact than metal and other plastic claddings, and is far more durable and recyclable than wooden cladding. PVC requires lower processing temperatures, resulting in lower energy consumption during manufacture. Leftover materials are also recycled back into the next manufacturing process. At the end of their long 50 year lifespan, PVC cladding can also be 100% recycled, unlike wood that rots and metal that corrodes.

 

Fire Safety

 

Due to the chlorine base, PVC cladding does not ignite quickly and is inherently flame retardant. PVC has far higher flame resistance than traditional timber framing, and ignites at temperatures 127 degrees higher than wood. According to the Standard Test Method for Surface of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, PVC has a one of the lowest radiant panel index’s. This means that not only does PVC have high resistance to combustion, it does not emit a large amount of energy when it burns and will not readily spread flames on its own.

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Communication: a fundamental ingredient in a successful relationship

It’s a well-known fact that communication is a key ingredient in a successful marriage. Without effective communication, a couple is unable to discuss important issues and resolve their disagreements. This can often lead to feelings of detachment, anger or resentment in the long term. Although I refer to communication in relationships these tips are equally important in any important relationship in your life.

Communication can be tough, especially if it is with someone you have been in a relationship with for a long time. After a while, couples get comfortable with each other and, as a result, the level of communication tends to decrease. Assuming your partner already knows something or not taking the time to communicate with them can lead to a relationship breakdown over time.

Comfort should not equal less communication. There are many issues that may arise if you don’t keep yourself open and make an effort to communicate with your partner. Follow these simple tips to keep the communication lines open between you and your partner.

1. Never Assume
It’s important not to assume something unless you’ve communicated directly with your partner about it. This could be anything from a roster of household chores, to making assumptions about the way your partner thinks or feels about a particular issue. If you’re unsure, ask your partner and avoid arguments or misunderstandings.

2. Say what you mean
If you have something to say, say it. But make sure you’re clear with your communication and that you’re actually getting the right message across. There’s nothing more confusing (and frustrating) than receiving conflicting messages from your partner. In some cases, it may even help to write your thoughts and feelings on a piece of paper. By writing it down you are able to construct your thoughts in a clear and concise way and ensure you’re getting all the important bits of information across.

3. Don’t be afraid of a disagreement
If you disagree with something your partner has said or done, you should let them know in a calm and reasonable manner. Don’t avoid these conversations for fear of a disagreement. While a disagreement may be difficult to deal with in the short term, an open dialogue about such issues will do wonders for your relationship in the long run. By staying quiet about issues that are important to you, you will only become resentful and angry.

4. Communicate the good, not just the bad
Communication in relationships is not just important when there is an issue to address. If you have something good to say about your partner, say it loud and often. By communicating feelings of love and appreciation with your partner you will nurture the love and trust in your relationship.

5. Make time to communicate
With work and kids and extra curriculum activities it’s easy to see how some couples can’t find the time to communicate with each other. It’s very important you set aside some time on a regular basis to reconnect and communicate with your partner. This may be every day or simply on a weekly basis. Make sure you shut off all electronics and remove yourself from distractions to really focus on what each other has to say.

AusPsychology offers professional counselling services to people having communication difficulties. Their experienced counsellors can help you improve your communication skills and work towards better relationships with your partner or significant others. If you would like to talk to someone about relationship counselling , contact AusPsychology today.

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How Laser Tattoo Removal Works

laser tattoo removal brisbane
Laser Tatto Removal is an effective treatment

Getting a tattoo removed is much simpler now that modern medicine has introduced various types of skin lasers to help break down the stubborn tattoo ink that causes their permanency. Laser tattoo removal is an invention that many individuals who wish to have tattoos removed are thankful for. After a few treatments, the tattoo’s obvious fading makes the tattoo less visible and obvious. Of all other tattoo removal treatments, laser treatments offer the most effective removal possible as of today.

With concentrated and high-frequency lights, laser treatments help to break down tattoo ink so that the body’s immune system can then move in to expel it from the body. Not all tattoos can be removed and depending on the size, complexity, and colors on the tattoo, the tattoo may be easier or more difficult to remove. It is important to remember that a tattoo specialist can help you to determine what the prognosis is for your particular case of laser tattoo removal. Each type of laser is specially designed to assist with the removal of certain types of inks. Individuals with fair skin and tattoos on the arms, legs, chest, buttocks, and other fleshy areas of the body are easier to treat and usually see the best results. Typically, the less skin and the more boney the area (finger, ankles, toes, etc.) the harder it is to remove a tattoo.

Laser tattoo removal is usually just as painful as getting a tattoo. There are ways to help alleviate this pain by taking Tylenol or by applying a cream which can help ease the pain as well. After the treatment, ice is often applied for about a half hour to ease and prevent swelling while an antibiotic ointment and sterile dressing can be placed on thereafter. Since the laser acts as a source of very high-frequency light breaking through the dermal layer, the treatment site is just like sunburn and should be treated as such. Laser tattoo removal, aside from the initial pain and the healing process, is well worth the time and energy, not to mention the financial commitment. It is the leading way to remove a tattoo in a way that does not force chemicals or acids onto skin which can be potentially harmful and irritating.

Most people imagine that laser tattoo removal involves ‘burning’ the tattoo out of the skin. The reality is much simpler in method and far less painful than most people think. Laser tattoo removal is carried out using a simple process of employing short bursts from a laser, which create intense pulses of light. Each pulse passes through the top layers of the skin and is absorbed into the tattoo pigments that sit below. The energy created by the laser breaks up the pigments, which are later removed naturally by the body’s immune system, with the white blood cells ‘flushing out’ the fragments. Thanks to intensive research carried out over the last few years into the optimum frequency to carry out this operation, the original and natural pigment of the skin remains untouched, minimizing scarring.

Laser tattoo removal will not remove the entire tattoo in one go. Because the pigments break up at different intensities, several sessions may be required to remove a tattoo completely. Usually the black pigments clear first because black absorbs all types of laser wavelengths. Other colours only absorb certain wavelengths for example red tattoo ink absorbs green laser light and consequently those specific wavelengths have to be used to remove other colours. There is usually a minimum four-week gap between each treatment to allow the immune system to absorb and remove the pigment, so laser surgery isn’t instantaneous – it may take many months for the treatment to be completed.

Laser tattoo removal sessions are relatively short, usually only lasting a matter of a few minutes. Once the procedure has finished the doctor may dress the area worked on with an antibacterial ointment and sterile dressing to protect the skin against the risk of infection. The area should then be kept clean but not bathed until at least 24 hours after the procedure.

As with all laser surgery, laser tattoo removal can result in hyper-pigmentation, which causes the skin to darken, or hypo-pigmentation where the skin whitens. With tattoos that have been in place for a considerable time, incomplete pigmentation removal may leave some traces of the original tattoo. There is also the possibility of scarring as a result of the procedure, particularly if the treated area becomes infected.

Laser tattoo removal doesn’t usually hurt as such, but may be considered to be an uncomfortable procedure. It has been likened to being repeatedly snapped by a thin rubber band or having hot drops of wax or fat dropped onto the surface of the skin. In comparison to the original pain felt during the tattoo’s placement on the skin it is about parable.

The tattoo is an expression of one’s personality, and the best course of action is to think very carefully about having a tattoo in the first place. If you feel that you will still be happy with it in 20 years’ time, then it can be a worthwhile and meaningful addition to your body. If, however, you fall out of love with your body art, laser tattoo removal offers you the opportunity to reverse what was previously considered to be a permanent alteration of the skin surface.

Conclusion

Deciding where to get laser treatments performed is simple and should involve making sure that the tattoo removal clinic in question uses lasers which will successfully remove the different colors in the tattoo. If you are in Brisbane, this clinic may help: http://www.lasertattooremovalbrisbane.com.au/

Since certain lasers work better for certain colors, it is important to make sure that you can find a place which can effectively remove your tattoo. Researching the laser and the options available to you are obviously important so that you are fully aware of what to expect if laser tattoo removal is your primary choice to have your tattoo removed. Additionally, you can be sure that a tattoo removal specialist would be glad to go over your options and consult with you. Often, during initial consultations, a fee may or may not be assessed, yet if you decide to follow up with the treatment, you can often apply the initial fee to the first treatment. Various clinics offer different deals, but either way, it is worth it to look into laser tattoo removal as an option for your tattoo removal.

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