Osteoporosis Treatment

osteoporosis treatment Osteoporosis is a disease that affects the bones. As the bones start loosing their usual density they become weaker & are more likely to break. Studies have shown that every one in two women & every one in four men above the age of 50 tend to break bones due to osteoporosis. It can cause serious complications & appropriate measures must be taken to avoid extreme consequences.

There is no exact cure for osteoporosis. The idea of the osteoporosis treatment process is to strengthen the bones in order to protect them. The treatment primarily consists of a combination of drugs and suitable lifestyle changes that help in minimising the rate of bone resorption.

Preventive measures include a modification in the general lifestyle factors, doing more muscle-strengthening exercises and ensuring adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D.The medications used for osteoporosis treatment are anti-resorptive agents. Osteoporosis occurs when the rate of resorption in the bones overtakes the rate of bone formation. The anti-resorptive agents intend to inhibit the rate of resorption to put things back to a balanced state.

Drugs are the most aggressive way to hinder bone loss. Bisphosphonates are the most commonly seen osteoporosis curing drugs. They decrease the risk of hip, wrist and spine fracture for those who are affected with osteoporosis. The different types of bisphosphonates used are alendronate (Fosamax), ibandronate (Boniva), risedronate (Actonel) & zoledronic acid (Reclast). The side effects of these drugs can range from acid reflux to nausea and they can even cause damage to the bones in the jaw. To reduce these side effects & to enhance the absorption of the medicine all bisphosphonates taken orally should be taken on an empty stomach in the morning, at least 30 minutes before breakfast.

For those people who are unable to tolerate bisphosphonates, hormones can be used as an alternative source of osteoporosis treatment. For Post-menopausal women who are usually at a very high risk of osteoporosis because of the dip in the levels of protective estrogen production, Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs) like Raloxifene (Evista) do the job of bone-preservation to a certain extent. Thyrocalcitonin is a hormone that helps in regulating the calcium levels in the body. Synthetic thyrocalcitonin or calcitonin (Fortical, Miacalcin) is available as nasal spray or as injection. But the hormone treatment can increase risks of stroke, blood clots, breast cancer and heart attack. So, it is only used as a second or third line of defence for the patients.

osteoporosis-treatment-hipOne way to slow down the rate of bone loss is to add ample amounts of calcium and vitamin D in the diet. Calcium-rich foods like soy products, dairy products, grains, fresh green vegetables and breads can prove to be very helpful in terms building stronger bones.

Last but not the least, exercising is probably the most intriguing, positive way to take on the this complex disorder. Exercising not only helps in lessening the rate of bone loss & increase bone density, it improves physical posture, body balance & overall health. Exercises like weight training, walking, jogging or biking can act as a boost for the entire body including the bones.

These lifestyle changes & treatments can work together to produce the desired results. The patient would be well advised to discuss these things in detail with the doctor, weigh the hazards & the benefits and come up with an osteoporosis treatment plan that works best.

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Rainwater Harvesting – Water Tanks for Rainwater Collection

In Australia drought and water conservation are of constant concern. We are a dry continent; in fact we’re the driest inhabited continent on Earth. Every drop of water is precious, and investing in rainwater harvesting is of benefit to both individual households and our nation as a whole.

Rainwater harvesting simply means the collection of rainwater for re-use, instead of allowing it to run off into the ground. The rain water collected has a myriad of uses; gardening, irrigation, water features, livestock, washing, bathing and heating.

poly-water-tank-alkatuff
Alkatuff Poly Water Tank

With minimal treatment, rainwater can also be used as drinking water, and is just as safe as the water that comes out of your tap. Just as solar power provides free energy, rainwater harvesting provides free water. Not only will it reduce your utility bill, it increases the sustainability of our reservoir and groundwater supplies.  Rainwater harvesting means that you can bypass water restrictions to some extent, using your own supply instead of a limited supply of main water.

Not only is Australia a land of droughts, in many areas floods are a constant concern. Without rainwater harvesting, almost all flood water is wasted as it washes away and becomes contaminated. Not only does rainwater harvesting find use from this abundance of water, it reduces the burden on storm drains and other water safety measures.

Domestically, the most common method of rainwater harvesting are roof catchment systems. Rain that falls on the roof is siphoned off via gutters into a large collection water tank. Hundreds of litres can be stored this way. With proper installation and the right filters, no effort is involved in rainwater collection other than the initial setup, gravity does all the work. Due to their size, roofs can collect an enormous amount of water. In a single story house the surface area of the roof is usually greater than the surface area of the house itself. Based on the average floor space of an Australian house, over 200 litres can be collected during a decent rainfall. Any excess is simply filtered out.

Rainwater collection technology from Alkatuff is constantly developing in order to deliver cleaner and more abundant water to harvesters. “First flush” diverters protects stored water from contaminants, which are most prevalent during the first flush runoff. Highly advanced meshes keep leaves and debris from blocking the gutters. Outlets and valves ensure a steady, stable flow of water.

There is a variety of water tank systems available. While the tanks themselves are fundamentally the same, a variety of inputs and outputs can be used. These can range from a simple gravity tap to an electric pump that delivers water into the house. Gauges can also be installed in order to monitor and regulate water levels.

The advantages and benefits of rainwater harvesting are so numerous that every household can benefit from installing some form of rainwater harvesting system. There are sizes and systems available for every budget, and the amount saved from reducing utility bills should be considered a discount to every purchase.

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Big Bang Education Brings Hands-on Science workshops to Brisbane Schools

Do your children think science is too hard or think it is really boring? Have you observed that they like putting things together or taking things apart? Do they have a lot of questions? Do they like to investigate and look for answers? If one of your answer is “Yes,” then Big Bang Education is just what your child needs! Big Bang Education provides Brisbane science school workshops, OSHC and vacation care programs as well as high energy and entertaining science themed parties.

Big Bang Education science parties will be sure to excite, entertain and also educate everyone involved. From making slime, blowing giant bubbles and eating ice cream made right in front of you using liquid nitrogen, our science parties will create a memorable experience for years to come. All children attending also receive a science party bag with more experiments so fun can continue at home.

Our science school workshops are guaranteed to be fun and educational. All school programs have been specially designed to be run in parallel with the current Australian science curriculum. It is also organized in a way to help teachers achieve necessary results in understanding science. We know how busy teachers are, so a Big Bang Education science program will save you time and effort, and you know that you are getting a program not fits exactly into the curriculum.

There are different programs for each year level, namely, Foundation/Prep, Year 1, Year 2, Year 3, Year 4 and Year Six. Each of the programs includes hands-on activities so that each child can actively participate and personally experience the science behind each activity. There are a maximum of 30 children per session. Each workshop has entertaining activities and is fully-packed with entertaining demonstrations and fun activities. Most of the activities are designed to be individually performed and then the children will share their new knowledge with the whole class.

Here are more details of each year level’s program:

* Foundation/Prep
Basically, the prep program focuses on hands-on workshop where your child investigates movement. The questions how living things move and how their environment plays an important role to their movement can be answered. The program has 60-minute session with follow-up worksheets that should be emailed to the booking teacher.

* Year 1
For students who are enrolled in the Year 1 program, they experience first-hand the exciting science behind sound and light. They are introduced to the basic facts about light and sound including the senses we are using to detect them. They are shown how to manipulate the various characteristics of a sound like pitch and volume. Lastly, they are taught what are the different sources of sound and light around us.

For its hands-on workshop, students are exposed on the different loudness and pitch of various instruments and have experimented with making sounds by using common objects. They also get to know the colours making up sunlight. After the workshop, they make their own UV light detector.

* Year 2
The Year 2 program focuses on how an object’s motion and shape are affected by push and/or pull. This program is very fun while the children explore the different forces that cause push and pull and how these forces causes an object’s shape to change or affect its movements.

In its hands-on workshop, students will learn how can objects float or sink by different forces affecting the objects that are placed in water. Students also investigate how different toys from various cultures move by pushing and pulling. And the students build parachutes to conduct a class experiment in the most important of all pulling forces, gravity.

* Year 3
The Year 3 program fits into both physical and chemical sciences. In this program, students learn the three different states of matter— solid, liquid and gas. They also get to see on how things can change from one state of matter to another. Students start off watching a science show that showcases some of the dramatic and exciting changes of state using liquid nitrogen.

In the hands-on workshop, students learn how heat is produced and how cooling and heating can cause an object to change its state. They are also taught how to use thermometers in order to measure temperature.

* Year 4
For the Year 4 program, students are entertained by the exciting science behind contact forces and non-contact forces. Contact forces include push and pull and friction. Non-contract forces are magnetism and gravity.

The students will be excited to see and learn how forces can affect the movement of objects during the hands-on workshop. They witness the effects of friction on various surfaces and the forces behind the attraction and repulsion of magnets.

*Year 5
For students under Year 5 program, they get to experience an investigation of the properties of light. During its hands-on workshop, students can get a better visual understanding of how light is absorbed by different material and how it is reflected or refracted. Mirrors are used to experiment on directing beams of light. They also get to see different optical illusions.

*Year 6
The Year 6 program is designed to help the students learn more about electricity, with a specific focus on renewable energies such as solar and wind. The workshop is a self-learning investigation of how electrical circuits work and how to create the different kinds of electrical circuit. The workshop includes learning of using light bulbs and switches and of different ways on how to generate electricity.

All of our Brisbane school science workshop programs are mentored by professional and well-experienced science educators who have more than 10 years of teaching experience. Also, all of our programs are catered to meet the criteria of Australia Curriculum science under the categories of physical sciences and chemical sciences..

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Why upgrade to enterprise risk management?

The Global Financial Crisis taught us the importance of robust risk management practices in identifying and addressing issues that have the potential to impact on overall business objectives. Many organisations have implemented risk management programs, however a significant proportion of these have yet to realise the benefits of upgrading their programs to best-practice Enterprise Risk Management.

What’s the problem with traditional risk management programs?

Historically, risk management has tended to focus only on the negative – how do we identify what might go wrong? How bad will things get if it does? How can we stop it?

Another feature of old-fashioned risk management has been the tendency for it to be “siloed”, with each section of an organisation having its own approach to managing risk.

Modern, best practice Enterprise Risk Management has moved contemporary risk management programs and thinking beyond these limitations.

Why is Enterprise Risk Management better?

Enterprise Risk Management (also known as ERM) has a range of benefits for contemporary businesses:

  • ERM achieves efficiencies across the whole of the organisation by integrating a common approach throughout all functional areas.
  • ERM avoids the pitfall of concentrating on minor risks (such as slip hazards) at the expense of big picture risks (such as failure of critical infrastructure).
  • ERM captures the positive side of risk management, by also considering opportunities for new services, process efficiencies, improved methods of service delivery etc.

What strategies assist adoption of Enterprise Risk Management?

 

QRMC frequently assists organisations to develop or expand their risk management programs to embrace Enterprise Risk Management. Our experience suggests that useful strategies to successfully move to Enterprise Risk Management include:

  • Strong committed, visible leadership.
  • Recognising that risk management is an ongoing (not once-off) process.
  • Treating risk management as a tool to achieve business objectives, not as a compliance exercise.
  • Extensive consultation with, and training of, personnel (at all levels).
  • Consistently integrating ERM across all systems and functional areas within the organisation.

Special considerations for business or department amalgamation

 

A regular feature of contemporary business is the process of amalgamation, either of existing segments of an organisation, or of one business with a completely independent second business (M&A).

Determining the business objectives of a new organisation formed in this way is not always a straightforward exercise. The clarity provided by the risk management process greatly assists this determination.

However, amalgamation poses particular difficulties when it comes to the risk management program:

  1. There are often difficulties involved in assimilating risk-related information from different sources, produced using different methods.
  2. Amalgamation poses the threat of extending the commonly experienced problem of risk management “silos” (as mentioned above) even further by creating silos based on the original business or department entities.

On the positive side, these difficulties present an opportunity to reach solutions by upgrading existing risk management systems to Enterprise Risk Management. Moving the new entity to Enterprise Risk Management provides opportunities to:

  1. Clearly identify the objectives of the new entity, and what risks and opportunities exist in achieving these objectives.
  2. Break down barriers and foster a new organisation-wide approach to risk management and the determination of uniform risk appetite.

Next steps

 

Risk management as a discipline has proven its value over time. Now businesses can extend this value even further by upgrading to Enterprise Risk Management.

For more information on Enterprise Risk Management, safety management, business continuity management and management systems, contact us. We are experts in providing independent and objective facilitation of the process of upgrading or developing new Enterprise Risk Management programs. You can also access other informative articles on our News page dealing with Enterprise Risk Management, as well as newsletters downloadable from our Publications page covering Enterprise Risk Management issues.

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