Speech Pathology In Brisbane, Australia

Bloom Lifespan Therapy Services is one of the leading institutions for speech pathology in Brisbane, Australia. The organisation consists of qualified speech pathologists. All of them have been adequately trained to treat people with communication disabilities. They have completed a degree course that encompasses all the aspects of effective communication, some of which include writing, speech, signs, symbols and gestures. In addition, the speech pathologists also work with people who have a difficult time swallowing foods and drinks. In the past, they were referred to as speech-language pathologists or speech therapists. However, you should keep in mind that they are not the same as speech or drama teachers.

The main priority of speech pathologists is to foster effective communication. This usually involves the process of being able to understand and to be understood. It might seem simple enough, but not everyone has the ability to do it. Some of the most common communication disabilities include problems with using and understanding language, speech, voice, hearing, fluency, reading and writing. In fact, one in seven Australians has experienced some form of communication disability. This is one of the main reasons why speech therapy has become so important.

Speech pathologists can work in a variety of settings. This is because communication problems affect people of all ages from different walks of life. You might be surprised to find that children in kindergarten, primary and secondary schools have a problem with their speech. If they fail to deal with their problem early enough, it could end up disrupting their lives in future. Other individuals who require the services of a speech pathologist can be found in nursing homes, hospitals, universities, mental health services, rehabilitation services, community health centres and private practice. In addition, people with cerebral palsy, autism, and intellectual disability require more specialised services because their communication needs tend to quite complex.

A speech pathologists workload includes a variety of activities. They can provide crucial information to mothers about feeding a baby with a cleft palate. Most people don’t realise that these kinds of disorders can lead to speech impairment in the future. As a result, early treatment should be encouraged. Speech pathologists also work in child care centres and schools. In most cases, such institutions have several children who are very hard to understand. They require special communications skills that a regular teacher cannot provide. With sufficient training, such children can learn to communicate in an effective manner.

Speech pathologists also work with people who have experienced severe brain injury because of an accident. They help to return their speech to the way it once was. This usually involves a very lengthy process that requires a huge amount of effort from all the parties involved. This is the only way to achieve a successful outcome. People who have survived a stroke also need to regain their communication skills. It can’t come back automatically.

Speech pathologists provide teachers, doctors and parents with vital information regarding various communication problems. They can offer strategies that will help a person deal with their intellectual disability. At Bloom Lifespan Therapy Services (speech pathology Brisbane), all the speech pathologists are highly qualified to provide all these services.

The speech pathologists at Bloom Lifespan Therapy Services work in a variety ways when it comes to treating their patients. They can work in small groups, become involved in various home-based programs, work within a classroom, give advice, offer direction and provide crucial sources of information. It all depends on what the patient needs. They also coordinate the management of patients, consult with other agencies, provide critical workshops for patients and work as part of a multi-disciplinary team. A speech pathologist is a very important member of an early intervention team, school therapy team and aged care services team.

Communication is the fundamental basis of how we share information and interact with others. It affects how we learn, how we express ourselves and how we build our relationships. It’s important to remember that communication difficulties can arise at any stage of our lives. This is because the ability to communicate starts at birth and continues to develop throughout the course of our lives. It actually never stops, no matter how old you grow. As a result, you should treat any communication issues as soon as possible. One of the main roles of a speech pathologist is to strongly advocate for the appropriate care of people with communication disabilities. This is exactly what Bloom Lifespan Therapy Services does.

Styles of Yoga

Yoga originated in ancient India, and is one of the six orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy. Derived from the Sanskrit word meaning “union”, its primary goal is to help the student achieve union with the divine by way of specific poses (asanas), breath (pranayama), and meditation to achieve a state of spiritual liberation. Though yoga in the Western world focuses on health and fitness, it is important to appreciate yoga’s long history as a vital component of the Hindu philosophical and theological system.
As one of the most popular of natural therapies in the West, there are many types of yoga available for those seeking health and wellness. The following covers the more popular yoga styles in the West, and helps you have a clearer understanding of the basics of each yoga style so that you can choose one which best suits you and your needs.

Hatha
Hatha yoga is a generic title which describes any yoga style, and most yoga classes advertised in the West will be hatha yoga, unless otherwise stated. When a yoga class is advertised as hatha, it usually refers to a slow-paced and gentle introduction to yoga, incorporating basis poses and simple breathing exercises. Before attending a hatha yoga class, it is wise to ask the yoga teacher where he/she trained and what the class will consist of, e.g. yoga poses, pace, meditation and mantras etc. This will help to to decide if the yoga class will be beneficial for you.

Vinyasa
Vinyasa yoga is perhaps the most common for those wanting yoga purely for fitness. This form of yoga combines a sequence of flowing poses with rhythmic breathing, and is designed as an intense body-mind workout. As a generic term for any form of yoga that involves poses synchronised to the breath (where there is a flow as the poses run together), Vinyasa yoga is also used to describe yoga styles that have derived from it, such as Ashtanga and Power Yoga.

Ashtanga
As mentioned, Ashtanga is a form of yoga that has derived from the concept of Vinyasa yoga. It is fast-paced and based on six series of poses that increase in difficulty as each series moves through one to the next without stopping. As there is no time for adjustments, once a series of yogic poses and breathing are underway the student is encouraged to move through the series of movements without stopping, making for an ideal full body work-out that will stimulate and improve circulation and detoxification, and get that heart rate pumping!
Power Yoga
Another form of yoga derived from Vinyasa, Power yoga is a Western product based on the fundamentals of yoga tradition. More likely to be part of a gym curriculum, Power yoga weaves common yoga poses and breathe techniques to a rigorous exercise workout, designed to strengthen the body and promote flexibility. Power yoga is great as part of your training and fitness routine, but rarely addresses the philosophical aspects of yoga.

Bikram yoga
Designed by Bikram Choudhury, this form of yoga is better known for its use of sauna-like conditions to promote detoxification of the body through sweat. Bikram yoga classes are held in studios designed to replicate India’s climate, mimicking a hot and humid temperature. Here students work through a series of 26 traditional yoga poses (usually slow-paced and gentle) as they sweat and, as a result, promote fresh blood and oxygen to circulate throughout the body. This form of yoga is ideal as a detoxifying exercise to boost the immune system.

Sivananda
For those seeking a more philosophical approach to their yoga, Sivananda yoga is based on the philosophy of Swami Sivananda and his five principles:
1. Proper exercise
2. Proper breathing
3. Proper relaxation
4. Proper diet
5. Positive thinking/meditation

Sivananda yoga classes work through twelve basic poses. As a slow-paced form of yoga, the emphasis is on the full exploration of each pose so that the eventual mastering of each pose is achieved as part of an overall philosophical approach.

Iyengar
Iyengar yoga is based on the teaching of B.K.S Iyengar, one of the most influential yogis of all time. This form of yoga focuses on the subtleties of each pose, which are held much longer than traditional forms of yoga. Focussing on the physical alignment of the body in the poses, students are encouraged to attain perfect poses through consistent practice. This is based on the philosophical belief that once the body is in perfect balance by means of mastering each pose, the mind with reflect this balance. In addition, unlike other forms of yoga, Iyengar also uses props such as belts or chairs to accommodate any needs or structural imbalances in the body, which makes it a good option for those with poor mobility.
Anusara
Anusara means “to step into the current of divine will” and is a modern form of yoga created by American John Friend, with its origins derived from Iyengar yoga. Its practice focusses on three key areas:
• Attitude – by opening to grace one can awaken his/her true nature.
• Alignment – integrated awareness of the different
• Action – pose as expression of the heart and inner freedom.
This form of yoga reintroduces traditional Hindi elements of yoga, however is primary health orientated as it focuses on inner and outer body alignment.
Kundalini
Considered the most comprehensive of yogas, Kundalini is derived from the tantra yoga tradition and refers to the flow of energy and consciousness that exists within us. Incorporating poses and dynamic breathing techniques, combined with specific mantra chanting and chakra awakening, Kundalini yoga acts as a holistic philosophy that keeps the body and mind strong and flexible in times of stress and conflict. This yoga style is suited for those wanting a holistic approach to their yoga practice.

There are many other forms of yoga available, with more yoga traditions and styles being introduced into the West every year. Like all things, however, it is best to have a clear idea of what you hope to achieve from yoga and then find a style that best suits that. Happy yoga practicing from Radiant Heart Yoga Woolloongabba, Brisbane.

How A Speech Therapist Helps

Speech Pathologist working with a hearing impared boy.

Speech Pathologist working with a hearing impared boy.

A speech therapist, sometimes known as a Speech and Language Therapist or a speech pathologist, is someone who’s qualified to help young people and adults with communications disorders. Most people think that speech therapists are only able to help with speech problems (such as stuttering or speech delay) but they actually deal with a much wider range of issues.

Required Qualifications
All speech therapists will have a three or four year university degree course behind them. Some may have done a post-graduate speech therapy course after a previous degree; generally these courses require three A-levels or equivalent qualifications to enter.

Speech therapy courses are universally intensive and contain both clinical placements as well as theoretical work. Speech therapy graduates will have experience helping treat a wide range of different communications disorders.

In the UK all practising speech therapists are required to register with both the HPC (Health Professions Council) and the RCSLT (Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists).

The Initial Assessment
Though speech therapists can work with adults, most of their patients tend to be children and young people. When they first see a patient, they start out by doing an assessment of the person’s speech comprehension (i.e. how well they understand language) and expressive language (i.e. how well they use language).

Comprehension covers both vocabulary and language structures. Some people have trouble with the correct use of verbs, nouns, and prepositions. This is a vocabulary issue. Others may have issues understanding language structures, such as the meaning of a phrase meant to give instructions.

Expressive language is what most people think of as “speech therapy.” This category is broken down into three different areas: speech sounds, articulation problems, and fluency.

Speech sounds, or phonology, happens when the person simply doesn’t have a certain speech sound in their vocabulary. Alternately, they might be using these sounds inappropriately. When someone pronounces “dog” as “dod,” this is called fronting, for example. Pronouncing “glove” as “glub” is called stopping.

Articulation difficulties mean the patient has difficulty producing speech sounds entirely. Perhaps they have a physical problem that hurts enunciation. Cleft lips and palates, poor dentition, and coordination issues (dyspraxia) can all negatively affect pronunciation.

If someone stammers or tends to hesitate in their speech, it’s considered a fluency issue.

Of course these are not all the areas a speech therapist may examine in their assessment. Since they focus on communication as a whole, they will look at the patient’s ability to listen, concentrate, play, imagine, communicate socially, use the appropriate system of communication, and their behaviour.

For example, a patient may hear the words as they’re spoken, but they might not be able to concentrate enough to process the information they hear. This would be an attention/concentration issue, even if others might assume it’s a hearing impairment.

Social communication, functional language use, and behaviour are also important. Speech therapists therefore look at how well the patient can interact with others, and how well they understand the mechanics of a conversation. Can they choose the appropriate system of communication? If they display challenging or agitated behaviour, is this the product of a frustrating inability to communicate?

It’s important to note that the assessment phase does not necessarily mean putting the patient through a battery of tests in a clinic or office. A speech therapist looks at all the areas where a person experiences trouble: they may observe or work with them in different settings, at home and at school. They will also consult with those who are regularly in contact with the patient — parents, carers, teachers, health professionals, etc.

Therapy
Following therapy, the speech therapist will work out a plan of options and discuss them with the patient. Therapy usually involves some combination of direct and indirect therapy, as well as any necessary changes in the ‘communicative environment.’

Direct therapy is what most people think of as therapy. Here, the therapist and patient work on a one-to-one basis to deal with the issues identified during therapy. However since this is time consuming and expensive (the patient or therapist must travel) it’s also common to include indirect therapy in the programme.

With indirect therapy, a certain person (such as a teaching assistant or parent) carries out a specific work programme under the speech therapist’s guidance. The therapist still monitors progress of course.

If needed, the therapist may also suggest changes in the communicative environment. This may mean ensuring the classroom and home contain appropriate symbolic systems, or advising people in the patient’s environment on alternative communication methods.

Varicose Veins And Pregnancy

Varicose veins are very common during pregnancy because the growing baby, the uterus and the placenta all contribute to the weight pressing down on the veins in the pelvis and also the pressure on large vein known as the inferior vena cava.

The inferior vena cava is located on the body’s right side and is responsible for circulating blood from the lower limbs and from most of the organs located in the tummy and pelvis area. When a lot of pressure is exerted on this main blood vessel this makes it difficult for the blood coming from the legs to make its way back to the heart.

When one is pregnant, they also have an increased amount of blood circulating round the body and also large amounts of the hormone progesterone which is the pregnancy hormone that relaxes the walls of the blood vessels. With all those factors combined, they contribute to the swelling of the veins in the legs. However, the swelling is bound to go down after the baby is born.

Do Vericose Veins Put Your Pregnancy At Risk?
Generally they can’t put your pregnancy at risk and they also cant cause serious problems during pregnancy as long as they don’t occur in the vagina area and the back passage. If they occur in the perineum which is also the back passage, the midwife will have to watch closely during the child bearing process and ensure that the back passage doesn’t tear while pushing the baby out of the birth canal. Tearing of the perineum usually causes severe bleeding which can even lead to death. So the midwife will instruct the mother to push slowly and maintain certain positions that will not exert more pressure in the area.

The skin where the varicose veins are is usually very thin and severe bleeding usually occurs when there is a forceful impact or a cut on it. The bleeding can be too much and might even require immediate medical attention to stop it.

Due to lack of oxygen, fresh blood and nutrients in the varicose veins area of the skin, waste products would normally build up and cause the skin to harden, cause eczema or ulcers. Seeking medical attention immediately one notices such signs is advised.

Deep vein thrombosis is one condition that some pregnant mothers with varicose veins can develop, however, this rarely happens and when it does, treatment can be done.

When Varicose Veins Don’t Disappear After Birth
When the varicose veins fail to disappear even after childbirth, simply get treatment. However, get treatment only after you have had your last baby because they tend to get worse with every pregnancy. With no more pregnancies, they can be successfully gotten rid of for good through treatments such as chemical injections, radiotherapy, surgery or laser treatment. It is advisable to get treated after childbirth as soon as you can.

Nothing To Worry About
When you are pregnant and have varicose veins just make sure you visit your doctor for checkups regularly and during childbirth have your midwife on standby to help you out especially if you have them in the vagina area or at the perineum. Otherwise they really can’t put your pregnancy at risk and you are always highly likely to have a successful birth.

Plantar Fasciitis Treatment Options

Plantar fasciitis is extremely common affecting around 10% of the adult population at some time in life. Commonly plantar fasciitis is associated with heel spurs however on x-ray only 50% of patients with plantar fasciitis have evidence of calcification through the heel (DiMarcangelo, 1997).

Commonly plantar fasciitis symptoms start as an awareness or ache in the morning. Relief treatment can be quite simple at this time however if it is left, these symptoms will often slowly progress to pain that significantly impacts quality of life.

When targeting plantar fasciitis symptoms your practitioner will guide you through the best strategy or combination of strategies to help relieve and control your individual pain. At Body Leadership Australia we recommend a multimodal approach utilising a number of different treatment options.

Soft Tissue Release
Tightness of the muscles surrounding the foot have been found to pull hard enough on the bones that they alter the natural shape of the foot and ankle often leading to plantar fasciitis pain. Accordingly, release techniques and stretching of the lower limb muscles can have an effect on decreasing symptoms associated with plantar fasciitis.

Stretching
Strategic stretching of the calf muscles and Achilles tendon or on the plantar fascia itself can decrease pain associated with plantar fasciitis. You should get a program tailored to your individual needs.

Orthotics
Orthotics can help to relieve the effects of plantar fasciitis. Changing the weight load through the foot can allow the inflammatory response to settle by supporting the foot appropriately.

Night Splints (Strassburg Sock)
The use of a night splint can reduce recovery time compared to the same protocol utilising standing stretches through the calf.

Cortisone
Cortisone was always a last resort due to potential complications and pain post injection. Now with ultrasound guidance outcomes have improved and we see them used more effectively. Cortisone options can be discussed with your health care professional.

Surgery
A number of studies found 75% to 95% of patients had long term improvement as measured by various criteria. Up to 27% of patients still had significant pain, up to 20% had some activity restriction, and up to 12% had moderate pain that impaired function (Brown et al., 1999; Davies et al., 1999; Fishco et al., 2000). Surgical options are always a last resort.

Once your pain is treated and controlled it is important to understand your individual factors that predispose you to plantar fasciitis which can be explained by your physiotherapist. You can then be taught a home program to release tension, particularly through the calf as well as the foot to nip problems in the bud. This can also be optimised using home exercises to improve strength for better control of your biomechanics long term.

If you, your friend or family member suffer from plantar fasciitis please do not hesitate to contact one of our friendly Brisbane sports physiotherapists on 07 3847 8040. Our Brisbane sports physios can also provide treatment from our Brisbane Sports Physiotherapy practice.